When you think about Baja California, you may become a bit confused about its geographic situation: it gets its name from the fact that this long strip of land stretching more than 1700 km is an extension of the American southern California but it belongs to Mexico. Spanish is spoken there.
Baja California is a peninsula stretching from north to south with very different landscapes. It is divided into 3 regions: the north, the centre and the south.
On the western part of Baja California, the Pacific Ocean pounds the coast. The sea there is often rough with surfing spots renowned throughout the entire world. Its unique geographic position puts it at a meeting point of cold water coming from the north and a warm current coming from south, creating an exceptional planktonic richness from which comes plentiful marine life and the presence of many cetaceans. From January to March, hundreds of gray whales end their long, over 10,000-kilometer southward migration in some of the protected lagoons of Baja California to breed and give birth. Now accustomed to today’s no longer aggressive human boats, it is amazing to watch these giants of the seas come to be caressed… It is a unique phenomena in the animal kingdom, despite the painful past that Mankind inflicted on these creatures.
Inland, the landscape resembles the décor out of a western: vast deserts scattered with those famous giant cacti the “Cardon”, cooled off here and there by a few oasis of fresh cold water bordered by palm trees.
On the other coast in the east of the peninsula, a vast sea stretches to the Mexican coast, the Sea of Cortez also called the “Gulf of California”. The water depths there are sometimes abyssal. But the sea is in general very calm except from December to February.
Like an immense lake dotted with dry desert islands and with beaches of an exceptional beauty, we can count no less than 22 species of cetaceans: Eared seals, sea lions, several species of dolphins, blue whales, humpback whales, sperm whales, pilot whales and sometimes even killer whales! And that’s without counting the other majestic species of the sea: giant oceanic manta rays and whale sharks (completely harmless). There are of course the migrations of certain species according to the seasons but all year round many species share this immense pool rich in food and as smooth as a mirror.